Diagramming Sentences

Sentence Diagrams

~ One Way of Learning English Grammar ~

Sentences from the United States Constitution

 
Amendment 3: No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
Lesson 4: 1. The word prescribed is a past participle (cf. Amendment 1, Lesson 2). 2. It is important to differentiate between prepositional phrases used as adverbs and those used a adjectives. Of the nine prepositional phrases used in this diagram,  of peace, of the owner, and of war are adjectival; the other six are adverbial: four modify the main verb, one modifies the understood verb in the subordinate clause (denoted by the second x), and one modifies the participle prescribed.
Apologia pro descriptione mea: 1. In this sentence, the conjunction but is not coordinating, but subordinating. It means "except." The two x's stand for an understood subjunctive expression, something like "it happen." 2. Because of the need to keep all four adverbial prepositional phrases that modify the main verb in the proper order, one has to find a way of showing the coordinate relationship between the two in time of  phrases. The least invasive way I could think of was to extend the in-line of these phrases to allow the broken nor-line to pass uninterrupted from one diagonal to the other.
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