deracinate - uproot, eradicate: Violent ideologues have been known to cite passages from religious texts, such as the Bible or the Koran, in support of their murderous attempts to deracinate opposing ideologies. Also: deracination.
ramification - 1) a spreading out into branches; 2) offshoot, outgrowth; consequence: No one fully understands the American stock market, much less its international ramifications. Also: ramiform (branchlike), ramify (to spread out into branches). [ramosus, ramosa, ramosum - full of branches; branching]
enrapture - to fill with great pleasure; to delight intensely:
To fall in love is to be enraptured by the beauty and personality of
another. Also: rapture (the sense of being carried away with
delight; ecstatic joy), raptureless, rapturous, rapturousness.
rapture - intense delight,
ecstatic joy: Hardly a joyful person in everyday life, she had
nevertheless been able to experience rapture through literature, cinema,
and theater. Also: enrapture (to fill with rapture), raptureless,
rapturous, rapturousness. [rapina, rapinae, f. -
plundering; raptim - violently; rapto, raptare, raptavi,
raptatus - to seize and carry off; raptor, raptoris, m. -
plunderer; raptus, raptus, m. - a carrying off, plundering]
ratiocination - 1) reasoning: Debating involves more than
ratiocination; the successful debater must know the facts, have a
command of rhetoric, and exhibit poise. 2) conclusion based on
reason. Also: ratiocinate (to reason), ratiocinative,
ratiocinator. [ratiocinatio, ratiocinationis, f. - reasoning;
ratiocinor, ratiocinari, ratiocinatus sum - to calculate; to
reason; to conclude]
raucous - 1. harsh-sounding, strident: Many older people find much of todayís popular music raucous; they prefer the mellow sounds of the forties and fifties. 2. rowdy. Also: raucousness, raucity.
revel - to take great pleasure (in): To revel in the misfortunes of others is to wallow in mire. Also: reveler, revelment, revelry (boisterous merrymaking). [rebellatio, rebellationis, f. - a revolt, rebellion; rebellio, rebellionis, f. - a revolt, rebellion; rebellis, rebelle - rebellious; rebellium, rebelli, n. - rebellion]
recension - a revision of a literary text based on critical examination of the text and of the sources used: In the case of ancient texts, it seems unlikely that a particular recension (an attempt by one or several scholars to provide the earliest text for which sufficient evidence can be adduced) will please everyone. Also: recensionist. [censeo, censere, censui, census - to estimate; assess; value; recensio, recensionis, f. - a reviewing; recensus, recensus, m. - a review]
recognizance - 1) a bond requiring a person to do a particular act: The actress accused of shoplifting was released on her own recognizance. 2) money that must be paid if the act is not performed. [recognitio, recognitionis, f. - investigation, review]
rectify - to make or set right; to correct: We all make mistakes; the trick is to acknowledge our mistakes and rectify them. Also: rectifiable, rectification, rectificative (rectifying), rectifier. [rectum, recti, n. - good, virtue; rego, regere, rexi, rectus - to guide, rule; keep straight, conduct]
redolent - 1. fragrant, having a pleasing odor; 2. smelling strongly: The Swiss mountainside, redolent of freshly mown hay, looked down upon the village below, where a red train had just pulled into the station. Also: redolence, redolency (redolence). [oleo, olere, olui - to emit a smell; olidus, olida, olidum - stinking]
refute - 1. to prove (an opinion, charge, claim, or argument) to be false: The intellectual successors of Copernicus and Galileo refuted the ancient notion, which was adamantly defended by the Church, that the earth stands motionless at the center of the universe. 2. to prove (someone) to be wrong. Also: refutable, refutability, refutal (refutation), refutation, refutative (serving to refute), refutatory (refutative), refuter. [refutatio, refutationis, f. - refutation]
interregnum - the period of time between the end of one ruler's reign and the beginning of the reign of his/her successor: During the interregnum an unsuccessful attempt was made to establish a democracy. [interregnum, interregni, n. - period between two reigns]
regnal - of or pertaining to a reign or to a reigning sovereignty: The regnal years of Caesar Augustus stretched from 27 b.c.e. to 14 c.e. [regno, regnare, regnavi, regnatus - rule, reign, have royal power]
regnant - (*adj. follows noun) 1) reigning, ruling: The queen regnant of England is Elizabeth II. 2) exercising authority or influence; 3) prevalent.
rectitude - upright character or conduct; honesty: The
retiree was praised for her hard work and rectitude. Also:
relegate - 1. to send away, usually to an inferior position: As new purchases caused her bookshelves to overflow, she relegated boxfuls of less read books to the attic. 2. to consign, hand over (a matter, a task). Also: relegable, relegation. [relegatio, relegationis, f. - a sending away, exile]
relic - an object or custom remaining from the past: An afternoon of rummaging through grandma's attic turned up many relics from before the turn of the century. [reliquiae, reliquiarum, f. pl. - remains, relics]
remnant - what is left over; remainder; (small) remaining part: Following her husband's death last year, she spent days in the attic, examining the letters, pictures, and other remnants of their life together. [maneo, manere, mansi, mansurus - to stay, remain]
repertoire - 1) list of plays, songs, etc. that a company, an actor, a singer, etc. is prepared to perform A repertory company is a group of actors who have several plays in their repertoire and present them regularly or alternately. 2) all of the works or skills in a particular field. Also: repertory, repertorial. [repertor, repertoris, m. - discoverer, inventor]
repertory - 1) a theatrical company that performs several plays, operas, etc. regularly and in alternate sequence: Repertory theater is expensive and often requires subsidization. 2) a list of works that a musician, actor, or group is prepared to perform. Also: repertoire (repertory, 2), repertorial. [repertor, repertoris, m. - discoverer, inventor]
replete - filled; abundantly supplied: At last, her first book, replete with text, pictures, endnotes, and bibliography, was ready for the printer. Also: repleteness, repletion (fullness; condition of being abundantly supplied), repletive.
reprehensible - reproachable, blameworthy, deserving censure: Among scholars, the attempt to hide the truth is reprehensible; among dogmatists, itís a way of life. Also: reprehend (to rebuke), reprehendable, reprehender, reprehensibility, reprehensibleness, reprehension (censure), reprehensive. [reprehensio, reprehensionis, f. - blame, censure; reprehensor, reprehensoris, m. - a censurer]
repudiate - 1) to reject (with disapproval or denial): Sued for by a rival author for plagiarism, she not only repudiated the charges but countersued for defamation of character. 2) to refuse to pay; 3) to cast off, disown. Also: repudiation, repudiative, repudiator, repudiatory. [repudiatio, repudiationis, f. - rejection, refusal; repudium, repudi, n. - separation; divorce]
realia - objects used as teaching tools: There is a
competitive category for realia in the annual Foreign Language Festival.
rescind - to revoke, repeal; to cancel; to invalidate: It was agreed that either party could rescind the contract within 48 hours after the signing. Also: rescindable, rescinder, rescindment, recissible (rescindable), recission (act of rescinding), recissory (serving to rescind).
respite - a delay or temporary cessation affording relief and rest: Medical residents must all too often work 24 hours or more without respite. [respicio, respicere, respexi, respectus - to look back; to reflect upon]
reticent - disposed to be silent; reserved: Reticent in public, she talked our ears off at home. Also: reticence (the tendency to be silent). [reticentia, reticentiae, f. - silence]
retinue - a group of attendants surrounding a person of high rank or importance: What would the king be without his retinue? What indeed? [teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus - to hold]
retract - 1. to draw back or in; 2. to withdraw, take back: As requested, he retracted his words, even though they had not been intended as an insult. Also: retractability, retractable, retractation (a retracting of a promise, statement, offer, etc.), retractile (capable of being drawn back or in), retractility, retractive (tending to retract, serving to retract), retractor. [retractatio, retractionis, f. - refusal; tracto, tractare, tractavi, tractatus - to drag, pull; to handle; tractatio, tractationis, f. - a handling]
retrospect - a looking back on, or contemplation of, things past: Retrospect makes quarterbacks of us all. Also: retrospection, retrospective, retrospectiveness. [specio, specere, spexi, spectus - to look at]
irreverence - 1) lack of respect, disrespect; 2) an act of disrespect: It used to be considered an irreverence for a Christian woman to enter a church with uncovered head; indeed, 1 Corinthians 11 admonishes women to cover their head when they pray. Also: reverence (a feeling of or manifestation of respect), reverend (worthy of reverence), reverent (feeling or showing reverence), reverential (characterized by reverence), irreverent. [reverentia, reverentiae, f. - respect, regard]
regal - royal; of or fit for a king: In full regal
splendor, the new king made a mad dash for the bathroom. Also: regalia.
[regalis, regale - of a king, regal]
deride - to make fun of, ridicule: Instead of cheering for
their team, some people prefer to deride the opponent or the officials.
Also: dirisible (worthy of ridicule), derision, derisive
(ridiculing), derisiveness, derisory (derisive). [risus, risus,
m. - laughter]
corroborate - to confirm, support, make more certain: A prosecutor's job is made easier when condemnatory physical evidence from the scene of the crime corroborates the testimony of eye witnesses. Also: corroborant (something that corroborates, a strengthening or invigorating agent), corroboration, corroborative, corroborator, corroboratory. [corroboro, corroborare, corroboravi, corroboratus - to strengthen, invigorate, corroborate]
abrogate - to abolish (a law, etc.); to do away with; to make
null and void: Hoping to appease an irate populace, the aging
dictator abrogated two of the most repressive regulations. Also: abrogable,
abrogation, abrogative, abrogator. [abrogo, abrogare, abrogavi,
abrogatus - to repeal; to remove; abrogatio, abrogationis, f.
n. - platform for speakers; beak, bill, snout;
beaklike projection on a shipís prow
rostrum, rostri, n. - platform for speakers; beak, bill, snout; beaklike projection on a shipís prow
rostrum - 1) a platform for public speaking: Much has been proclaimed from the rostrum and denied in the cubicle. 2) beaklike projection on an ancient shipís prow; 3) speakersí platform in the Roman Forum adorned with the beaks of captured ships. Also: rostral (of or pertaining to a rostrum), rostrate (having a rostrum; having a beak or a beaklike part), rostrated (rostrate). [rostratus, rostrata, rostratum - having a beak]
rustic - of, belonging to, suitable for, or living in the country; rural: The monetary value of the old house was small but the newlyweds loved its rustic charm. Also: rustical, rusticalness, rusticate (to stay in the country; to make rustic), rustication, rusticator, rusticity (state of being rustic), rusticness. [rus, ruris, n. - country, fields; rusticanus, rusticana, rusticanum - of or pertaining to the country; rusticatio, rusticationis, f. - a stay in the country; rusticitas, rusticitatis, f. - rudeness; rusticor, rusticari, rusticatus sum - to live or stay in the country]
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