Latin Derivatives
- H -

 

habito, habitare, habitavi, habitatus - to live, dwell

habitat - place where a plant or animal naturally grows: No one would take a monkey from its jungle habitat and place it in a desert, where it cannot survive. 

habitation - 1) act of inhabiting: Because of the danger of earthquakes, the adobe houses were declared unfit for habitation. 2) place of dwelling. Also: cohabit (to live together), cohabitation (living together), cohabitant (person living together with another person), habitable, habitability, habititableness, habitancy (inhabitancy), habitant (inhabitant), habitational. [habitatio, habitationis, f. - dwelling] 

habitus, habitus, m. - condition, habit

habituate - to make used to; accustom: Slowly she habituated herself to the people, the sights, and the weather of costal Maine. Also: habituation, habitude (habitual condition of mind or body; custom), habitué (frequent visitor to a place). 

haereo, haerere, haesi, haesurus - to stick, hang, cling, adhere

adherence - the quality of staying attached; steady support or allegiance: Adherence to a prescribed set of beliefs is required or expected of members of many religions and cults. Also: adherable, adhere, adherer, adherent, adhesion, adhesive, adhesiveness. [adhaero, adhaerere, adhaesi, adhaesurus - to stick to, adhere; adhaesio, adhaesionis, f. - a clinging to, adhering] 

coherent - 1) logically connected; consistent: He was so rattled by the experience that he was unable to speak in coherent sentences. 2) sticking together. Also: cohere, coherence, coherency, coherer, cohesion, cohesionless, cohesive, cohesiveness.


inherent - belonging to someone or something as a permanent attribute; intrinsic: The apparently random changeableness inherent in the weather of the Midwest defies accurate multi-day weather forecasting. Also: inherence, inherency (inherence). [inhaereo, inhaerere, inhaesi, inhaesus - to cling, adhere] 

haurio, haurire, hausi, haustus - to draw (up or out); drain; exhaust

exhaustive - 1) thorough, complete, comprehensive: After exhaustive attempts to resolve the crisis peacefully and with the support of both the United Nations and NATO, the President made the decision to send in American troops. 2) tending to exhaust. [exhaurio, exhaurire, exhausi, exhaustus - to draw out; empty, exhaust] 

herba, herbae, f. - grass

herbage - 1) herbs collectively, especially the grass and grass-like plants of meadows: In the summertime, Swiss families harvest the herbage of the Alpine meadows and store it as hay for the winter months. 2) grass. 

herbivore - an animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants: Even though herbivores do not prey, they may, like the bull, attack instinctively. Also: herbivority, herbivorous, herbivorousness. [voro, vorare, voravi, voratus - to eat greedily] 

herbarium - 1) a collection of dried plants: The police laughed when the marijuana dealer called his stash a herbarium. 2) a room where such a collection is kept. Also: herbarial. 

hiems, hiemis, f. - winter

hiemal - pertaining to winter, wintry: The hiemal dormancy of some warm-blooded animals is called hibernation. [hiemalis, hiemale - of winter, wintry; hiemo, hiemare, hiemavi, hiematurus - to winter, spend the winter]

histrio, histrionis, m. - actor

histrionic - 1) having to do with actors or acting; 2) overly dramatic; affected: Father read everything with the same histrionic modulation: the Epistle to the Galatians, the weekly announcements, the Litany of the Saints--everything. Also: histrionical (histrionic), histrionics (insincere, artificial emotion). [histrionalis, histrionale - of actors]

homo, hominis, m. - man, human being

homicide - the killing of one human being by another: Originally thought to be a suicide, the death is now being investigated as a homicide. Also: homicidal (of, having the nature of, or having a tendency to homicide). [homicida, homicidae, m/f. - murderer; homicide; homicidium, homicidi, n. - murder; homicide] 

hominid - the family of man and his ancestors: The family of hominids, which includes not only homo sapiens but also homo erectus and homo habilis (among others), has among it closest relatives the gorilla, the chimpanzee, and the orangutan. Also: hominoid (animal resembling man)

homo sapiens - mankind; human being (the scientific name for the present species of man, from about 300,000 b.c.e.): Homo habilis and homo erectus had smaller brains than homo sapiens, whose cranial capacity is from 1100 cc. upwards. (Note: English words beginning with the prefix "homo-," like "homogeneous" and "homosexual," are not derived from the Latin word homo but from the Greek adjective homos, which means "same.") [sapiens, sapientis - wise, knowing] 

horreo, horrere, horrui - to stand on end, bristle; to shake; to shudder

abhor - to feel extreme disgust for, to detest utterly: Many people abhor the graphic depiction of violence on TV. Also: abhorrence, abhorrent, abhorrer. [abhorreo, abhorrere, abhorrui - to shrink back from; horrendum (adv.) - horribly; horrendus, horrenda, horrendum - terrible, horrible; horresco, horrescere, horrescui - to bristle up; to begin to shudder; horribilis, horribile - dreadful, horrible; horridus, horrida, horridum - standing on end, bristly, horror, horroris, m. - shaking, trembling]

hortor, hortari, hortatus sum - to encourage, incite

exhort - to urge strongly, to admonish earnestly: Carrol O'Connor, who played Archie Bunker in the TV sitcom "All in the Family," has taken upon himself the twofold task of educating the American people about the importance of the first three years of life and of exhorting congressmen and the President to funnel commensurate amounts of public money into early-childhood education. Also: exhortation, exhortative (intended to exhort; exhorting), exhortatory (exhortative), exhorter. [exhortor, exhortari, exhortatus sum - to encourage, exhort; exhortatio, exhortationis, f. - encouragement; exhortativus, exhortativa, exhortativum - of exhortation] 

hortus, horti, m. - garden

horticulture - the art and science of growing things that are found in gardens and orchards: She hoped that the study of horticulture would lead her eventually to ownership of a nursery. Also: horticultural, horticulturist (a person skilled in horticulture). [colo, colere, colui, cultus - to cultivate; to worship] 

hospes, hospitis, m. - a host; a guest

hospice - 1) a house of rest for pilgrims and pother travelers, usually operated by monks: The Great St. Bernard Pass and the Little St. Bernard Pass link Switzerland with Italy. Each pass has a hospice, where weary wintertime travelers can take refuge from the bitter weather of the high Alps. 2) a facility where terminally ill patients can expect serious pain management as well as emotional support but usually not extraordinary efforts to prolong life. [hospita, hospitae, f. - a hostess; a guest]

hostis, hostis, m. - enemy

hostile - 1) characteristic of an enemy; 2) feeling or expressing ill will: The principal issued a challenge to hostile students to channel their anger productively by taking an active part in school functions. Also: hostility (the feeling or expression of ill will; pl., acts of war). [hostilis, hostile - pertaining to an enemy; hostile] 

humus, humi, f. - ground, earth

exhume - to dig something, especially a corpse, out of the earth: Inhumed on Thursday, the body of the deceased heiress was exhumed the very next day when an accusation of poisoning was brought to the attention of authorities. Also: exhumation, exhumer, inhume (to bury), inhumation, inhumer. [humo, humare, humavi, humatus - to cover with earth, bury]

Moutoux, Latin Derivatives 

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