Latin Derivatives
- G -

 

garrulus, garrula, garrulum - chattering, talkative

garrulous - talking too much, especially about trifles: "I may talk a lot," he said, "but I'm not garrulous. I talk about important things like golfing and fishing." Also: garrulity, garrulousness (garrulity). [garrio, garrire - to chatter, babble, prate] 

gaudium, gaudi, n. - joy

gaudery - 1) ostentatious show; 2) excessively showy things: In making plans to redecorate, the couple agreed to stress the practical and to eliminate all gaudery. Also: gaud (a cheap, showy ornament), gaudy (excessively showy), gaudiness. [gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus - to rejoice]

gelidus, gelida, gelidum - very cold, icy cold

gelid - icy cold: Although polar bears and several species of penguins prefer gelid habitats, their paths never cross because polar bears live in the Arctic while penguins live only in the southern hemisphere. Also: gelidity, gelidness. [gelo, gelare - to freeze; gelu, gelus, n. - frost; icy cold] 

genero, generare, generavi, generatus - to beget, produce

engender - 1) to produce, cause: To paraphrase an old adage, nothing engenders self-confidence like success. 2) to beget, procreate. Also: engenderment. [ingenero, ingenerare, ingeneravi, ingeneratus - to implant; produce] 

gens, gentis, f. - family, clan, nation

genteel - fashionable; elegant: She has that genteel attractiveness that one associates with southern belles of the 19th century. Also: genteelism, genteelness, gentility (the quality of being genteel) [gentilitas, gentilitatis, f. - relationship between members of a family, clan, or nation] 

gentile - 1) among Jews, a non-Jewish person: For some time after the death of Jesus, his apostles preached primarily to the Jews; it was a Jewish convert, Paul, who took the lead in introducing Christianity to the gentiles. 2) among Mormons, a non-Mormon. Also: gentilism (the state of being a gentile, especially a pagan). [gentilis, gentile - of or belonging to a family, tribe, or nation] 

gentry - 1) people of high social position: To them it was obvious that, by default, the gentry must assume the lionís share of the responsibility for the preservation and advancement of the arts. 2) in England, landowners ranking just below the nobility. Also: gentrification (the buying and renovating of houses and stores in low-class neighborhoods by members of the upper and middle classes), gentrifier, gentrify. 

genus, generis, n. - birth, kind

generate - to produce; to cause to be: Having generated strong support among the students, the class officers approached the principal with confidence. Also: generation, regenerate (to cause to be completely renewed; to give a new spiritual life to; to bring into existence again), regeneration, regenerative. [genero, generare, generavi, generatus - to beget; to produce] 

generative - 1) having to do with production; 2) capable of producing: Noam Chomsky, a professor at M.I.T., attempted through generative grammar (a system of rules that produce all acceptable sentences of a language) to discover "linguistic universals," i.e., deep structures common to all languages. [genero, cf. generate] 

generic - 1) having to do with a genus or with a group of similar things; 2) without a trademark: When a pharmaceutical patent on a medicine expires, other companies are free to produce generic duplicates, which are typically much less expensive than the original product. Also: generical, genericalness. 

germanus, germana, germanum - having the same parents; of brothers and sisters; real, true, genuine, actual

germane - relevant, pertinent: We knew something was wrong when she, our paragon of propriety, kept saying things that were not even remotely germane to the discussion. Also: germaneness. [germana, germanae, f. - oneís own sister; germane - sincerely; germanitas, germanitatis, f. - the relationship between brothers and sisters; brotherhood; sisterhood; germanus, germani, m. - oneís own brother]

gero, gerere, gessi, gestus - to bear; to carry on; to wear

gerund - a verbal noun (gerunds always end in "ing" in English): In the sentence, "The students reading the story were putting their hands over their ears in order not to hear the talking on the other side of the room," only "talking" is a gerund; "reading" is a present active participle, while "putting" is part of a finite verb in the past progressive. Also: gerundial, gerundive (a Latin participle similar to the Latin gerund in form), gerundival. 

gestation - the act or period of carrying offspring in the uterus from conception to birth: Elephant gestation, longest of any animal, takes about 21 months. Also: gestate (to carry in the uterus during pregnancy), gestational, gestative. [gesto, gestare, gestavi, gestatus - to carry, bear] 

gesticulate - to make gestures with the hands and arms to help express an idea: Italians gesticulate more than most Europeans, which makes one wonder about the capability of the Italian language as a vehicle for expressing nuances. Also: gesticulation, gesticulative (using gestures), gesticulator, gesticulatory (gesticulative). [gesticulor, gesticulari, gesticulatus sum - to gesticulate; gesticulatio, gesticulationis, f. - gesticulation] 

ingest - to take into the body for digestion: Physicians and nurses often say "ingest" instead of "eat," "drink," and "swallow." Also: ingestant (something injested), ingestible, ingestion, ingestive (having to do with ingestion). [ingero, ingerere, ingessi, ingestus - put in, throw in, pour in] 

vicegerent - a person appointed to exercise the powers and discharge the duties of another; deputy: Because of his  unquestioned honesty and scrupulous attention to details, Lord Huxley acted as vicegerent during prolonged absences of the king. Also: vicegerency. [vice (abl. s. of vicis) - in place of, instead of] 

gigno, gignere, genui, genitus - to beget, give birth to, bring forth

congenital - inborn; present at birth: The last-place finisher was heard to remark that he would have won if it werenít for a few congenital deficiencies. [genitalis, genitale - belonging to birth; generative; genitor, genitoris, m. - a parent; father] 

indigenous - originating in a particular region, native: The generous donation will make it possible for the university to plant at least one of every kind of tree indigenous to the state. 2) inborn, innate. Also: indigenousness. 

glomero, glomerare, glomeravi, glomeratus - to roll together (form into a ball); gather together, collect

conglomerate - n. 1) a single mass made up of heterogeneous parts; 2) a company having subsidiaries in various unrelated industries: Conglomerates are sometimes able to offset losses in one industry with gains in another. adj. 1) gathered into a rounded mass; 2) made up of heterogeneous parts; v. 1) (trans.) to gather into a single mass; 2) (intrans.) to cluster together. Also: conglomerate, conglomeratic, conglomerateur, conglomeration, conglomerator, conglomerative, conglomeratize, conglomeratization.

gloria, gloriae, f. - glory

vainglory - excessive, demonstrative pride; unjustified glory, pride, and boastfulness: Vainglory, rather than teamwork, seems to characterize many professional athletes of the 90s. Also: vainglorious, vaingloriousness. [vanus, vana, vanum - empty, vain] 

gradior, gradi, gressus sum - to step (take steps), walk, go

egress - 1) a going out; 2) a way out, exit; 3) permission to go out: The aged king, ailing and confined to his chambers, had granted his private physician unrestricted ingress and egress. Also: egression (a going out), egressive, ingress (a going in; a way in, entrance; right to go in), ingression, ingressive, ingressiveness. [egressus, egressus, m. - departure; egredior, egredi, egressus sum - to go out; to ascend; to pass beyond; ingressus, ingressus, m. - entering] 

gradient - 1) degree or rate of the ascent or descent of a road, railroad track, etc.: The maximum gradient of modern mountain highways seems to be about seven percent. 2) an inclined surface; the sloping part of a road, railroad track, etc. 3) rate of change of a variable with respect to distance. [gradatim - step by step; gradus, gradus, m. - step]

ingress - 1) the act of entering; 2) the right to enter: The totalitarian ruler, who restricts egress from his country to cronies, athletes, and very old people, is less concerned about ingress; no one wants in anyway--except cronies and some athletes. 3) a way of entering. Also: ingression. ingressive, ingressiveness. [gradatim - step by step; gradus, gradus, m. - step; gressus, gressus, m. - a stepping, going; ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum - to advance; to enter]

regressive - going backward: Some consider the state lottery a regressive means of revenue enhancement because it takes more money from the poor than from the wealthy. Also: regress (to go backwards; to revert to a worse condition), regression, regressiveness, regressivity (tendency to go backwards), regressor. [regressus, regressus, m. - return; retreat; regredior, regredi, regressus sum - to go back; to retreat] 

retrograde - (adj.) 1) moving backwards; 2) becoming worse: She had heard that refrigerators of the 80s and 90s, with their advanced design, increased size, and myriad functions, were retrograde with respect to dependability and durability. 3) in inverse or reversed order; (v.) to move backwards. Also: retrogress (regress), retrogression, retrogressive. [retro - backwards, back]

retrogression - the act of moving backward to an earlier, worse (or more primitive) condition: The adoption of radical religious ideas can result in a retrogression of scientific knowledge as believers reject solid scientific ideas that conflict with their irrational beliefs. Also: retrogress, retrogressive. [gradatim - step by step; gradus, gradus, m. - step; gressus, gressus, m. - a stepping, going; retro - backwards, back]

gratus, grata, gratum - pleasing, welcome; grateful

gratify - 1) to give pleasure to: Although an occasional show of anger can work wonders among benevolent people, you only gratify a scoundrel by becoming visibly angry at him. 2) to satisfy. Also: gratifiable, gratification (a gratifying or being gratified), gratifier. [gratificor, gratificari, gratificatus sum - to do a favor for; gratificatio, gratificationis, f. - showing kindness] 

gratuitous - 1) freely given or received; 2) uncalled-for: Gratuitous advice has strained many a friendship. Also: gratuitousness, gratuity (tip). [gratuitus, gratuita, gratuitum - not paid off; voluntary; spontaneous] 

ingratiate - to bring into another's favor by a conscious effort: Wishing to ingratiate himself with the king, the miller boasted that his daughter could spin straw into gold. Also: ingratiation, ingratiatory. [gratia, gratiae, f. - favor; esteem; thankfulness] 

gravis, grave - heavy; severe, serious

aggrieved - offended, wronged: Unappeased by management's feeble attempts to amend the dangerous working conditions, the aggrieved workers voted to strike. Also: aggrieve (to offend, wrong), aggrievedness, aggrievement. [adgravo, adgravare, adgravavi, adgravatus - to make heavier; to make worse] 

grave - important; serious: Although she needed the income desperately, she had grave doubts about her ability to persevere in a sedentary, nine-to-five job. Also: graveness, gravity (importance; seriousness). [gravitas, gravitatis, f. - weight; importance] 

gravitate - to go toward something or someone because of an attraction: In recent decades, people in the Orient have gravitated toward the clothes, music, and movies of the West. Also: gravitater, gravitation, gravitational, gravitative. [gravitas, cf. grave] 

grievous -1) seriously bad; deplorable; atrocious: The acceptance of bribes and kickbacks by public officials is a grievous abuse of political power and ought to be punished accordingly. 2) causing suffering; severe. Also: grievance (a real or imagined wrong as a cause for complaint; complaint based on a real or imagined wrong), griever, grievousness. 

grex, gregis, m. - herd, flock

gregarious - 1) fond of being with others; 2) living in herds, flocks, etc.: "Not all gregarious animals are human," she said; "think of cows, sheep, and pro-wrestling fans." (Sorry, Jesse. You're great.) Also: gregariousness. [gregarius, gregaria, gregarium - belonging to a herd or a flock] 

Moutoux, Latin Derivatives 

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