Latin Derivatives
- E -


ebrietas, ebrietatis, f. - drunkenness

inebriety - drunkenness: Habitual or irresponsible inebriety is not a joking matter. Also: inebriant (an intoxicant), inebriate (to make drunk), inebriation. [ebriositas, ebriositatis, f. - habitual drunkenness; ebriosus, ebriosa, ebriosum - given to drink, drink-loving; ebrius, ebria, ebrium - full of drink, drunk; inebrio, inebriare - to intoxicate] 

effundo, effundere, efudi, efusus - to pour out

effusive - 1) pouring out emotion in an unrestrained manner; too demonstrative: Effusive people may be difficult to live with day in and day out. 2) in geology, of or pertaining to rock that has poured out as lava onto the surface of the earth. Also: effuse (to pour forth), effusion, fuse, fusion. [effusio, effusionis, f. - a pouring forth; fundo, fundere, fudi, fusus - to pour; fusio, fusionis, f. - an outpouring]

ego, mei - I

alter ego - 1) an inseparable friend; 2) an aspect of one's self; 3) a second self: Ginny and Jenny are close friends. Ginny calls Jenny her twin; Jenny, a psychology major, calls Ginny her alter ego.

egocentric - having the self as the center of all things; seeing all things in relation to oneself; self-centered: All young children are egocentric; some adults are not. Also: egocentricity, egocentrism. 

egotism - the habit of using the words I, me, and my too much; excessive reference to oneself in speaking and writing: I know what my definition of egotism is, and that's what matters to me. Hey, is anyone listening? Also: egotist, egotistic, egotistical. 

egregius, egregia, egregium - distinguished, excellent

egregious - extraordinarily bad; flagrant: A particularly egregious error, costing the company tens of thousands of dollars, brought about the dismissal of the bookkeeper and the reassignment of the manager. Also: egregiousness. 

elicio, elicere,elicui, elicitus - to lure out, entice out, bring out

elicit - to draw out, bring out, evoke: A question about the meaning of life will elicit a vast array or responses.

emano, emanare, emanavi, emanatus - to spring from, arise

emanate - 1) (intrans.) to flow out, proceed, come forth: The light emanating from the moon is the reflected light of the sun. 2) (trans.) to send out, emit. Also: emanant (coming forth from a source), emanation, emanational, eminative, eminator, emanatory.

emineo, eminere, eminui - to project

eminent - outstanding; distinguished; prominent: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle--eminent philosophers of ancient Greece--belonged to successive generations; in fact, Plato was a student of Socrates, and Aristotle studied under Plato. Also: eminence (prominence; high rank or repute). [eminens, eminentis - projecting; prominent; eminentia, eminentiae, f. - prominence; a distinctive feature]

emo, emere, emi, emptus - to take; buy

emporium - 1) a large retail store; 2) an important center of trade: Atlanta, Georgia, whose metropolitan area had a population of nearly four million in the year 2000, has become an international emporium. [emporium, empori, n. - a place of trade; emptio, emptionis, f. - a purchase; emptito, emptitare, emptitavi, emptitatus - to buy; emptor, emptoris, m. - buyer]

exempt - to release from a duty or obligation: People earning less than a specified amount of money in a given year are exempt from income taxes for that year. Also: exemtible, exemption, exemptive. 

peremptory - 1) precluding debate; final, decisive; 2) not tolerating dissent; dogmatic, dictatorial: The peremptory attitude of the team owners evoked the threat of a strike by the players. Also: peremptoriness. [perimo, perimere, peremi, peremptus - to do away with, annihilate, destroy] 

preemptive -1) of or pertaining to the act or right of purchasing before others or in preference to others; 2) taken as a means of preventing an action by others: In October of 2002 the United States Congress authorized President George W. Bush to take preemptive military action against Iraq. Also: preempt, preemptible, preemption, preemptor, preemptory. [emporium, empori, n. - a place of trade; emptio, emptionis, f. - a purchase; emptito, emptitare, emptitavi, emptitatus - to buy; emptor, emptoris, m. - buyer]

emollio, emollire, emollivi, emollitus - to soften

emollient - (adj.) having a softening power; (n.) medicine or salve that softens: Mineral oil, sometimes used as a laxative, is also an emollient; it softens the skin by not allowing moisture to escape from the epidermis. Also: emollience. [mollio, mollire, mollivi, mollitus - to make soft; mollis, molle - soft; mollitia, mollitiae, f. - softness; mollities, mollitiei, f. - softness; mollitudo, mollitudinis, f. - softness]

enervo, enervare, enervavi, enervatus - to weaken

enervate - to weaken, deprive of vigor: Some Ph.D. candidates, having breezed through the comprehensive written and oral exams, find writing a dissertation to be stressful and enervating. Those who never finish are called unofficially A.B.D.'s (all but dissertation). Also: enervation, enervative, enervator. [enervis, enerve - powerless] 

eo, ire, ii, iturus - to go

ambient - of the surrounding area or environment: She wondered if the water in her aquarium had assumed the temperature of the ambient air. Also: ambiance (mood, tone, or atmosphere of an environment), ambience (ambiance). [ambio, ambire, ambii, ambiturus - to go around, surround] 

circumambient - surrounding: The sale includes the house and the ten circumambient acres. Also: circumambience (the act or fact of surrounding). 

transitive - 1) (said of a verb) accompanied by a direct object: Some verbs, like capture and enclose, are transitive, whereas others, like hover and seem, are intransitive; still others, like run and study, are both transitive and intransitive. 2) transitional. Also: transit, transitable, transition, transitional, transitionary, transitiveness, transitory. [transeo, transire, transii, transitus - to go over, pass over; to be changed into; to penetrate; transitio, transitionis, f. - a going across; transitorius, transitoria, transitorium - having a passage through; transitus, transitus, m. - a passing over, going over, passage]

epistula, epistulae, f. - letter, epistle

epistolary - of or pertaining to letters or letter writing: Regardless of the person written to, the vicar's relaxed epistolary style never varied. Also: epistle (a formal letter). 

equus, equi, m. - horse

equestrian - of horses, horsemen, and horsemanship: The raw power of equestrian events can not be appreciated through television. Also: equestrianism. 

equine - of or like a horse: His friends called him "Hoss" because of his equine neck and back; he was stubborn as a mule, too. [equinus, equina, equinum - pertaining to horses] 

equitation - the art of riding horseback; horseback riding: She enjoyed tennis and golf, but she would always forego them gladly for equitation. [equitatus, equitatus, m. - cavalry] 

erro, errare, erravi, erratus - to wander, stray; to err

erratic - 1. having no certain course; 2. deviating from proper or normal behavior or opinion: The teacher reported the studentís erratic behavior to the guidance office. Also: errancy (tendency to err; state of erring), errant (erring; journeying in pursuit of adventure), errantry (conduct like that of a knight-errant; state of being errant), errata (mistakes and their corrections listed and inserted in a book), erraticism, erratum (an error in writing or printing). [erraticus, erratica, erraticum - wandering; erratio, errationis, f. - a wandering; erratum, errati, n. - error; erro, erronis, m. - a wanderer; error, erroris, m. - a wandering; an error] 

evansco, evanescere, evanui - to vanish, disappear, pass away

evanescent - tending to fade away or disappear, transitory: Like life itself, both pleasure and pain are evanescent. Also: evanesce (to vanish), evanscence, evanscible. [evanidus, evanida, evanidum - vanishing; vanesco, vanescere - to pass away, vanish] 

eventus, eventus, m. - occurrence; consequence

eventuality - 1) a contingent event; possible occurrence: The more important the decision, the more necessary it is to consider all eventualities before deciding. 2) the state or fact of being contingent. Also: eventual, eventuate (to result; to come about). [evenio, evenire, eveni, eventus - to come out; to happen; to result; eventum, eventi, n. - occurrence; consequence]

exanimo, exanimare, exanimavi, exanimatus - to deprive of breath, weaken, exhaust; to terrify, to kill

exanimate - 1) inanimate, lifeless; 2) spiritless, disheartened: After years of struggling against their repressive government, the exanimate rebels capitulated. Also: exanimation. [exanimatio, exanimationis, f. - faintness; terror; exanimis, exanime - lifeless, dead; terrified; exanimus, exanima, exanimum - lifeless, dead]

exemplum, exempli, n. -example

exemplify - to be an example of; to show by example: In her life of selfless service to the homeless and the destitute, she exemplified the finest qualities of the human spirit. Also: exemplifiable, exemplifier, exemplification, exemplificative.

exercitus, exercitus, m. - army

exercitation - 1) exercise, exertion: Exercitation of mind and body seems to be positively correlated to longevity. 2) training; 3) performance. [exerceo, exercere, exercui, exercitus - to keep busy; to exercise; exercitatio, exercitationis, f. - exercise, training, discipline; exercitatus, exercitata, exercitatum - trained, disciplined]

exiguus, exigua, exiguum - small, scanty

exiguous - scanty, meager, small: Exiguous federal support brought the highway project to a standstill. Also: exiguity, exiguousness. [ago, agere, egi, actus - to do; to drive; exigo, exigere, exegi, exactus - to drive out, force out; exiguitas, exiguitatis, f. - smallness]

exoticus, exotica, exoticus - foreign, exotic

exotic - 1) foreign and strange or unusual: Fifty years ago, a trip to Europe was an exotic experience; nowadays, with English spoken widely, American fast-food restaurants dotting every city, and movies and music straight from L. A., exoticism has become a rare commodity. 2) strikingly strange or unusual. Also: exotica (exotic things), exoticism (tendency to adopt what is exotic; exotic character or quality), exoticist (someone who favors exotic things).

expedio, expedire, expedivi, expeditus - to set free

expediency - 1) the quality of being suitable under the circumstances: In our society, both expediency and the law require a waiting period when purchasing a handgun. 2) an acting out of self-interest instead of doing what is right. Also:  expedience (expediency), expedient. 

expedite - to hurry along; to make easy and quick: Effective manufacturers are always searching for ways to expedite production and delivery. Also: expediter, expedition (excursion of war or exploration; efficient and prompt action), expeditionary. [expeditio, expeditionis, f. - expedition] 

expeditious - efficient and speedy: After months of research, the vice-president in charge of accounting thinks she has found the most expeditious manner of dealing with overdue accounts. Also: expeditiousness. 

exstirpo, exstirpare, exstirpavi, exstirpatus - to root out, eradicate

extirpate - 1. to destroy totally, eradicate, exterminate; 2. to pull out by the roots: Countless people have tried to extirpate the enormous tree of intolerance, but it seems they have only pruned away a few of the smaller branches. Also: extirpation, extirpative (tending to extirpate), extirpator, extirpatory (extirpating). [ex (prep. w/ abl.) - out of, from; stirpitus (adv.) - by the roots; stirps, stirpis, f. - the lower part of a plant] 

extraneus, extranea, extraneum - from without; foreign

extraneous - from without; foreign; not belonging: Because of the seriousness of the discussion and the lateness of the hour, participants were asked to refrain from making extraneous remarks. Also: extraneousness. [exter, extera, exterum - on the outside; foreign] 

extrico, extricare, extricavi, extricatus - disentangle, free

extricate - to free from entanglement, disentangle: To Br'er Fox's chagrin, Br'er Rabbit easily extricated himself from the briars. Also: extricable, extrication. [tricae, tricarum, f. - trifles; perplexities] 

ex(s)ulto, ex(s)ultare, ex(s)ultavi, ex(s)ultatus - to jump up; to rejoice exceedingly

exult - to rejoice greatly: When a last-second touchdown by the home team forced the big game into overtime, the fans exulted, the food vendors put more hamburgers on the grill, and the referees groaned. Also: exultant (rejoicing greatly), exultation. [ex(s)ultans, ex(s)ultantis - boastful; ex(s)ultatio, ex(s)ultationis, f. - a jumping for joy; exsultim - in a leaping manner, friskingly]

Moutoux, Latin Derivatives 

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