Latin Derivatives
- B -

Bacchanal, Bacchanalis, n. - place dedicated to Bacchus; (pl.) bacchanalia - feast of Bacchus

bacchanalian - (adj.) drunken; orgiastic: The police were called when the bacchanalian partyers poured out of the house and onto the street. (n.) a drunken reveler. Also: bacchanal (bacchanalian), bacchanalia (a drunken feast), bacchant (priest or priestess of Bacchus; bacchanal), bacchic (drunken). [bacchatio, bacchationis, f. - revelry; bacchor, bacchari, bacchatus sum - to celebrate the festival of Bacchus; Bacchus, Bacchi, m. - Bacchus, the god of wine and inspiration, son of Jupiter]

balneum, balnei, n. - bath; bathing place

balneology - science of bathing as therapeutic treatment; study of the therapeutic effects of baths: She didnít need balneology to appreciate the soothing effects of a warm bath after a long day at the office. Also: balneal (of or pertaining to a bath or bathing), balneologic, balneological, balneologist, balneotherapy. [balneae, balnearum, f. - bath; balnearius, balnearia, balnearium - pertaining to a bath; balnearia, balneariorum, n. - bathing rooms; balneator, balneatoris, m. - keeper of a bath]

battuo (batuo), battuere (batuere) - to beat

abate - (intr.) to lessen in intensity: The skiers waited all morning for the snowstorm to abate; at last, the flakes diminished and the skies brightened. (tr.) 1) to make less, lessen, diminish; 2) to reduce. 3) to suppress; Also: abatable, abater, abatement, abator.

beatus, beata, beatum - happy, blessed

beatific - 1) making supremely happy: Christians refer to the sight of God in heaven as the beatific vision. 2) blissfully happy. Also: beatification, beatify (to make exceedingly happy; to declare [a deceased person] to be in heaven). [beatitas, beatitatis, f. - happiness; beatitudo, beatitudinis, f. - happiness; beo, beare, beavi, beatus - to make happy, to bless]

beatitude - 1) supreme happiness; bliss; 2) (usually capitalized) any of the pronouncements of Jesus about happiness in the Sermon on the Mount: Matthew mentions nine Beatitudes, whereas only four are mentioned by Luke, who includes an equal number of woes. - Also: beatific (making supremely happy; blissfully happy), beatification, beatify (to make exceedingly happy; to declare [a deceased person] to be in heaven). [beatitas, beatitatis, f. - happiness; beatitudo, beatitudinis, f. - happiness; beo, beare, beavi, beatus - to make happy, bless]

bellum, belli, n. - war

antebellum - before the Civil War: They traveled to New Orleans to get a first-hand view of antebellum architecture. Also: post-bellum (after the Civil War). [ante (prep. w/ acc.) - before; post (prep. w/ acc.) - after] 

belligerent - eager to fight: Is it any wonder that young people who have been surrounded since birth by fighting and killing become belligerent and join gangs? Also: bellicose (belligerent), bellicoseness, bellicosity, belligerence (belligerent attitude or quality), belligerency. [belliger, belligera, belligerum - warlike] 

bellus, bella, bellum - pretty, handsome

embellish - to improve (beautify or make more interesting) by decorating or adding detail: He enjoys using his free time to embellish his web site. Also: embellishment. 

bene - well

benediction - 1) a blessing: The pilgrims who had gathered in St. Peter's Square knelt to receive the solemn benediction of the Pope. 2) an expression of thanks; 3) the asking of God's blessing. Also: benedictory (having to do with a benediction). [dico, dicere, dixi, dictus - say] 

benefactor - a person who gives help to others; especially, one who gives money for a charitable cause: The orphans at St. Vincent's prayed daily for their benefactors. Also: benefaction (generous action; gift for charity), benefactive (a linguistic form denoting the person for whom an action is performed), benefactress (feminine form of benefactor), benefactrix (benefactress). [facio, facere, feci, factus - do, make] 

beneficiary - 1) a person named in a will or insurance policy to receive an inheritance: The deceased woman's sole beneficiary was a teenage boy who had cut her grass and run errands for her in recent years. 2) anyone receiving a benefit; 3) the holder of a benefice. [beneficiarii, beneficiariorum, m. - privileged soldiers] 

benevolent - inclined to do good; charitable; beneficent: If all monarchs were benevolent, monarchy would be a highly tolerable form of government. Also: benevolence (desiring the happiness of others), benevolentness. [benevolens, benevolentis - wishing (someone) well, benevolent; benevolentia, benevolentiae, f. - friendly disposition; volo, velle, volui - to want, wish] 

benignity - kindly disposition; graciousness; kindliness: With unobtrusive benignity the old lady moved from house to house with her simple wares. Also: benign (kindly; beneficial; not malignant), benignancy, benignant (benign). [benignitas, benignitatis, f. - kindness, benignity; benignus, benigna, benignum - kind, good] 

beneficium, benefici, n. - kindness

benefice - 1) an ecclesiastical office that provides an income: Medieval pardoners, in virtue of their benefice, exchanged indulgences (remission of temporal punishment due to sin) for money, a percentage of which the pardoner was permitted to keep. 2) land granted by a feudal lord in exchange for favors; a fief. Also: benefic (kindly), beneficence (the doing of good; kindness), beneficent (doing good, performing acts of kindness). [bene - well; facio, facere, feci, factus - to do, make]

beneficent - 1) kind: If all people were unconditionally beneficent, hitherto divisive factors like race, religion, and nationality would cease to divide, and there would be peace throughout the world--it sounds so easy. 2) giving benefits. Also: benefaction (the doing of good), benefactive, benefactor, benefactress, benefactrix, benefic (beneficent), benefice (position that guarantees a cleric an income), beneficence, beneficial, beneficialness, beneficiary, beneficiate (to make more suitable for smelting), beneficiation, benefit. [bene - well; facio, facere, feci, factus - to do, make]

bibo, bibere, bibi, bibitus - to drink

imbibe - (trans.) to drink in (also figuratively, i.e., with the mind); (intrans.) to drink, especially alcoholic beverages: Aware that their friend had imbibed heavily, they asked for his keys. Also: imbiber, imbibition (act of imbibing). [imbibo, imbibere, imbibi, imbibitus - to drink in] 

blatero, blaterare - to talk foolishly, to babble

blatant - 1. flagrant, brazenly obvious: Those who blatantly disregard the feelings of friends soon have no friends. 2. offensively loud; glaringly conspicuous. Also: blatancy. 

bonus, bona, bonum - good

bonanza - 1) a rich vein or pocket of ore; 2) a source of great profit: Inventor and entrepreneur par excellence, she turned several original ideas into bonanzas. 

bonbon - a small piece of candy, often with a cream filling: Books were to him like bonbons to children: he devoured them insatiably. 

boon - generous gift; kind benefit; blessing: Tobacco, for many years a boon to the farmers of Kentucky, has been proven to be a carcinogen. 

bounteous - 1) giving freely and generously: Some, impressed by the beauty of the world around them, see in nature a manifestation of the bounteous kindness of an all-powerful creator, while others, distressed by human and animal suffering, read from nature an expression of ultimate weakness or unconcern. 2) abundant, plentiful. Also: bounteousness, bounty (generous gift; reward), bountiful (bounteous), bountifulness. 

debonair, also spelled debonaire and debonnaire - having an easy and elegant manner: Would anyone seriously dispute that the English are more debonair than we Americans? Also: debonairness. 

bos, bovis, m./f. - ox; cow

bovine - 1) oxlike, cowlike: His bovine countenance masked a sensitive, artistic nature. 2) dull, slow, stupid. Also: bovinity. 

brevis, breve - short

abbreviate - 1) to shorten (a word or a phrase) by omitting letters of by substitution; 2) to reduce, make briefer, shorten (anything): It is customary in formal logic to abbreviate statements through the use of symbols. Also: abbreviation, abbreviator, abbreviatory. [brevi (adv.) - soon, in a little while; brevitas, brevitatis, f. - shortness]

brevity - shortness of time: Sweltering in the hot sun, the crowd gave the governor their most enthusiastic applause of the day when he reminded them of his customary brevity. [brevitas, brevitatis, f. - shortness, brevity] 


bucolicus, bucolica, bucolicum - pastoral, bucolic

bucolic - (adj.) 1) of or pertaining to shepherds; pastoral; 2) idyllically rural, rustic: The artistís deliberate juxtaposing of bucolic and naturalistic elements has a startling effect on many viewers. (n.) a pastoral poem.

Moutoux, Latin Derivatives 

Return to Latin Derivatives, page 1