Sentence Diagrams

Sentence 6

Peterson's, publisher of a guide to four-year colleges, said yesterday that from now on it will disclose to readers that schools pay for extra information about themselves in the book.

          - Arlene Levinson, Associated Press (published on June 2, 2000, in Louisville, KY, in The Courier-Journal, page A1)

Lesson 6: In this sentence there is an independent clause and two dependent clauses. A clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb. In the independent clause (so called because it can stand alone, with a capital letter at the beginning and a period at the end) the subject is Peterson's and the verb is said. Both dependent clauses are indirect statements and begin with that; in the first, the subject is it and the verb is will disclose, while the second has schools as its subject and pay as the verb. Don't forget that, in a sentence diagram, the subject is separated from its verb by a vertical line passing through the horizontal line upon which both subject and verb sit.
Apologia pro descriptione mea: 1. The word publisher is an appositive; in a diagram, an appositive is placed in parentheses after the noun with which it is in apposition. 2. Note that this sentence provides us with an indirect statement within an indirect statement. 3. The word now, normally an adverb, is a noun in this sentence.
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