Sentence Diagrams

Sentence 15

It is a rare testimonial to the transplant system, which for the last several years has been rocked by bitter charges of unfairness, seen nasty internal fighting explode into embarrassing public view, warred over government attempts to step in and solve the controversy, and suffered under the historic shortage of donor organs.

          - Elizabeth Neus, Gannett News Service (published on June 11, 2000, in Louisville, KY, in The Courier-Journal, page A18)

Lesson 15: A predicate nominative is a noun or pronoun that comes after a linking verb and signifies the same person or thing signified by the subject of the sentence. Predicate nominatives occur only after linking verbs, i.e., forms of the verb to be (am, are, is, was, were, will be, has been, had been, to name several) as well as verbs like become and remain. Certain verbs function as linking verbs when used passively, for example, was appointed, is called. If you ask who? or what? immediately after a linking verb and the sentence provides an answer, you have found a predicate nominative. In the above sentence, testimonial is a predicate nominative. In a sentence diagram, a backslash (a line slanting downward from left to right) is placed between the linking verb and the predicate nominative.
Apologia pro descriptione mea: 1. The helping verb has is shared by all four principal verbs in the relative clause; therefore, the branching occurs right after has. 2. The "to-less" infinitive phrase explode into view functions as an objective complement; it completes the action of the verb and refers to the direct object, nasty internal fighting. It is not necessary to use an x to indicate the absence of to
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