Diagramming Sentences

Sentence Diagrams

~ One Way of Learning English Grammar ~

The Anatomy of a Sentence

 Part 14

Every year on the afternoon of December 24, you, a Christmas procrastinator, loaded down with sacks and boxes, walk from store to store, down endless aisles, your eyes scanning windows and racks to find the perfect presents for Mom, Grandpa, and Uncle Joe, but since you know in your heart of hearts that Uncle Joe will appreciate nothing you give him and that you will capitulate to necessity and buy Grandpa a fifth of Seagramís, you concentrate on Mom, as you move into the aisle that you hope to be able to call the final stop of this holiday season.
In this sentence, as is a relative adverb; it means at the time at which. Notice that as rests on a slanted line whose top and bottom portions are solid. The top portion stands for at the time, while the bottom portion represents at which. Some additional relative adverbs are when, where, while, until, before, and after. (Some grammarians prefer to include these words in a group of words called subordinating conjunctions ( because, if, unless, and although, among others) and to diagram them on slanted broken lines (with no solid portions).
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