Diagramming Sentences

Sentence Diagrams

~ One Way of Learning English Grammar ~

The Anatomy of a Sentence

 Part 11

 
Every year on the afternoon of December 24, you, a Christmas procrastinator, loaded down with sacks and boxes, walk from store to store, down endless aisles, your eyes scanning windows and racks to find the perfect presents for Mom, Grandpa, and Uncle Joe, but since you know in your heart of hearts that Uncle Joe will appreciate nothing you give him and that you will capitulate to necessity and buy Grandpa a fifth of Seagramís, you concentrate on Mom, as you move into the aisle that you hope to be able to call the final stop of this holiday season.
The clause you give him is a relative clause (that you give him) in which the relative pronoun that is unexpressed. A relative pronoun must have an antecedent (a previous word or words, in the same sentence, to which the relative pronoun refers). In this sentence, the antecedent of the unexpressed relative pronoun that is nothing. In diagramming, an x represents an unexpressed word. Him is an indirect object. An indirect object is a noun or pronoun, not preceded by a preposition, that tells the person(s) or thing(s) to whom or to which something is given, said, or shown. 
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