Diagramming Sentences

Sentence Diagrams

~ One Way of Learning English Grammar ~

The Basics of Sentence Diagramming

~ Sentences 41-45 ~

 
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 Sentence 41: Are they not the people to whom we sold our car?

 
 The relative pronoun can be a subject, as in the previous sentence, an object of a preposition, as whom is in this sentence, a possessive (Sentence 42), or a direct object (Sentence 43). Notice the broken line connecting the relative pronoun whom with its antecedent, people.

 Sentence 42: The newlyweds whose house burned down have no insurance.

The relative pronoun is used here in its possessive form, whose; the antecedent is newlyweds.

Sentence 43: I am selling the cabin that I built many years ago.

The direct object, that, is a relative pronoun; its antecedent is cabin. The adverbial objective years modifies the adverb ago.

Sentence 44: Don't forget that you have a dentist's appointment this afternoon.

This that-clause is a noun clause, not a relative clause. When a that-clause functions as a direct object, as it does here, the expletive that is often omitted. When this happens, an x is placed on the line otherwise occupied by that.

Sentence 45: That man told me that that was the lure that caught the big fish.

The word that is used four different ways in this sentence: as a demonstrative adjective in that man, as an expletive (the first that in that that), as a demonstrative pronoun (the second that in that that), and as relative pronoun (the final that of the sentence). Other demonstrative pronouns and adjectives are this, these, and those.
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